Upholding Ethical Standards in Client and Tax Authority Interactions: A Comprehensive Guide for Nigeria


Ethics and professionalism are paramount in any business or professional environment, especially in financial services and taxation. In Nigeria, maintaining ethical standards when dealing with clients and tax authorities is a legal obligation and a moral responsibility. This newsletter delves into the importance of upholding ethical standards, maintaining client confidentiality, and avoiding conflicts of interest in client and tax authority interactions within the Nigerian context.

I. Ethical Standards in Dealing with Clients:

  • Transparency and Honesty: Tax professionals in Nigeria should practice openness and honesty when dealing with clients. This involves providing accurate and precise information about fees, services, and potential outcomes of tax exposure and financial decisions.
  • Informed Consent: Before providing any tax advice or services, professionals must ensure that clients fully understand the implications of their decisions. This requires explaining complex tax and financial concepts in a comprehensible manner.
  • Avoiding Misrepresentation: Professionals must refrain from making false claims or misrepresentations about their qualifications, experience, or the potential outcomes of their services. This ensures that clients make informed decisions based on accurate information.

II. Maintaining Client Confidentiality:

  • Client-Professional Privilege: Tax professionals in Nigeria are bound by client-professional privilege, which mandates that any information shared by the client remains confidential. This privilege extends to both ongoing and terminated client relationships.
  • Data Protection Laws: Nigeria’s data protection laws, such as the Nigerian Data Protection Regulation (NDPR), impose strict obligations on professionals to safeguard clients’ personal and financial information. Professionals must implement appropriate data security measures to prevent unauthorized access.
  • Informed Consent for Disclosure: While confidentiality is paramount, professionals might be required to disclose client information, such as in cases involving suspected money laundering or terrorism financing. In such instances, professionals should obtain the client’s informed consent if feasible or adhere to legal obligations for reporting.

III. Avoiding Conflicts of Interest:

  • Full Disclosure: Professionals must disclose potential conflicts of interest to clients before providing services. This includes telling relationships with other businesses, clients, or individuals that could impact their ability to provide unbiased advice.
  • Prioritizing Client Interests: Financial professionals must always prioritize the best interests of their clients over personal gain. This means making recommendations aligned with the client’s goals, even foregoing potential financial gains.
  • Avoiding Dual Representation: Professionals should avoid situations where they represent both parties in a transaction, as this could lead to conflicting interests and compromise the quality of advice provided.


Upholding ethical standards in dealing with clients and tax authorities is a foundational aspect of Nigeria’s financial and taxation landscape. Practising transparency, maintaining client confidentiality, and avoiding conflicts of interest builds trust with clients and contributes to the financial sector’s overall integrity. By adhering to these principles, tax professionals play a crucial role in fostering a fair and accountable business environment that benefits clients and the country’s economy.

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More About Author:

Olatunji is the founder Taxmobile.Online and Managing Partner/CEO of AOA Professional Services. Prior to this, Olatunji worked as Director, Tax & Regulatory Services at Nolands Nigeria Professional Services, Senior Manager -Tax, Regulatory & Advisory Services at Saffron Professional Services.


The information contained herein is general and is not intended, and should not be taken, as legal, accounting or tax advice provided by Taxmobile.Online Inc to the reader. This information remains strictly the opinion of Taxmobile.Online Inc.

The reader also is cautioned that this material may not apply to, or suitable for, the reader’s specific circumstances or needs, and may require consideration of other tax factors if any action is to be contemplated. The reader should contact his or her Tax Advisers before taking any action based on this information.

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